Northern Lights

During winter the northern lights dance above us from early September to late April. In northern latitudes, the effect is also known as the aurora borealis.

Northern lights originate from our sun. During large explosions and flares, huge quantities of solar particles are thrown out of the sun and into deep space. These plasma clouds travel through space with speeds varying from 300 to 1000 kilometers per second. But even with such speeds (over a million kilometer per hour), it takes these plasma clouds two to three days to reach our planet. When they are closing in on Earth, they are captured by Earth’s magnetic field (the magnetosphere) and guided towards Earth’s two magnetic poles; the geomagnetic South Pole and the geomagnetic North Pole.